# Parallel key

(Redirected from Parallel minor/major)

In music, the parallel minor of a particular major key is the minor key with the same tonic; similarly the parallel major of a minor key has the same tonic. For example, G major and G minor have different modes but both have the same tonic, G; so we say that G minor is the parallel minor of G major.

In the early nineteenth century, composers (notably Robert Schumann) began to experiment with freely borrowing chords from the parallel key.

## Easily calculating the key signature of the parallel major or minor of a key

To find the parallel minor of a key, add 3 flats to the key signature.

For example, F major has 1 flat (B). Adding 3 flats would yield 4 flats, meaning F minor has 4 flats in its key signature. (B E A D)

B major has 5 sharps (F C G D A). To find B minor, add 3 flats. Since flats cancel out sharps, you are left with 2 sharps. (F C)

To find the parallel major, add 3 sharps.

Em to EM: Em has 1 sharp (F). Add 3 to get 4 sharps. (F C G D)

Fm to FM: Fm has 4 flats (B E A D). Add 3 sharps to get 1 flat. (B)

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