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Adolf Furtwängler (June 30, 1853 - October 10, 1907) was a famous German archaeologist and art historian. He was father of Wilhelm Furtwängler and the grandfather of the German archaeologist Andreas Furtwängler.

He was born at Freiburg im Breisgau, and was educated there, at Leipzig and at Munich, where he was a pupil of Heinrich Brunn, whose comparative method in art-criticism he much developed. He took part in the excavations at Olympia in 1878, became an assistant in the Berlin Museum in 1880, and professor at Berlin (1884) and later at Munich. His latest excavation work was at Aegina.

He was a prolific writer, with a prodigious knowledge and memory, and a most ingenious and confident critic; and his work not only dominated the field of archaeological criticism but also raised its standing both at home and abroad. Among his numerous publications the most important were a volume on the bronzes found at Olympia, vast works on ancient gems and Greek vases, and the invaluable Masterpieces of Greek Sculpture (English translation by Eugenie Strong). He died at Athens.de:Adolf Furtwängler

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