Alanine

From Academic Kids

Alanine
Chemical name Alanine
Chemical formula C3H7NO2
Molecular mass 89.1 g/mol
Melting point xx.x C
Boiling point xx.x C
Density x.xxx g/cm3
CAS number 56-41-7
SMILES NC(C)C(O)=O
Missing image
Ala-stick.png
Chemical structure of alanine

Disclaimer and references

Alanine is one of the 20 most common natural amino acids. It is hydrophobic, with a methyl group side chain, and is the second-smallest of the 20 after glycine. Alanine is a non-essential amino acid and was first isolated in 1879.

L-Alanine is synthesized in muscle cells from pyruvate by transamination, with glutamate as the nitrogen donor. In the liver, alanine is transformed into pyruvate by the reverse reaction.

  • pK1 (α-COOH): 2.35
  • pK2 (α-NH3+): 9.87
  • Protein Occurrence: 7.8%

Template:AminoAcids


Template:Biochem-stubca:Alanina de:Alanin es:Alanina eo:Alanino fr:Alanine it:Alanina he:אלנין nl:Alanine ja:アラニン pl:Alanina ru:Аланин fi:Alaniini sv:Alanin

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