Chard

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Chard
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Swiss_Chard.jpg
Swiss Chard


Swiss Chard
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Amaranthaceae
Genus:Beta
Species:B. vulgaris
Subspecies:B. v. var. cicla

Template:Taxobox section trinomial botany

Chard (or Swiss Chard), Beta vulgaris var. cicla, also known as silverbeet or perpetual spinach or Mangold is a leaf vegetable, and is one of the cultivated descendents of the Sea Beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritimis.

While used for its leaves, it is in the same species as the garden beets, which are used for their roots, including Mangelwurzel which is used for animal feed and the Sugar beet which is used to make sugar.

It is in the plant family Chenopodiaceae along with Spinach.

There are several varieties of chard available for growing, but the most common is Swiss chard. Other varieties are 'Ruby chard', 'Rainbow chard', and 'Rhubarb chard'.

Chard has shiny green ribbed leaves, with stems that range from white to yellow and red depending on the variety. It has a slightly bitter taste. The leaves are generally treated in the same way as spinach and the stems like asparagus. Fresh young chard can also be used raw in salads.

Culture

Chard is among the more cold-tolerant of garden plants, able to withstand frosts down to −2 °C (28 °F). However, unlike many cold-tolerant plants, it also tolerates summer heat, and so in temperate climates chard can be one of the first leaf crops to reach maturity, endure all summer, and endure to be one of the last crops to remain productive. Template:Vegetable clipart

See also

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