Jerome, Arizona

From Academic Kids

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High_street_Jerome,_Arizona.jpg
The high street of Jerome, Arizona.

Jerome is a town located in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 329.

Contents

History

The area around what is now Jerome was mined for silver and copper since the Spanish colonial era when Arizona was part of New Spain.

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Blue_stream_-_Jerome,_Arizona.jpg
A stream, stained turquoise-blue, emerges from a spoil pile of copper ore.

A mining camp named named Jerome was established atop "Cleopatra Hill" in 1883. It was named for Eugene Murray Jerome, a New York investor who owned the mineral rights and financed mining there. Eugene Jerome never visited his namesake town. Jerome was incorporated as a town on 8 March, 1889. The town housed the workers in the nearby United Verde Mine, which was said to produce over 1 billion dollars in ore over the next 70 years.

Jerome was reincorporated as a city in 1899 and a building code specifying brick or masonry construction instituted to end the frequent fires that had repeatedly burned up sections of the town previously.

Jerome became a notorious "wild west" town, a hotbed of prostitution, gambling, and vice. On 5 February, 1903, the New York Sun proclaimed Jerome to be "the wickedest town in the State".

In 1915 the population of Jerome was estimated at 2,500.

Starting in May of 1917 there was a series of miners strikes, in part organized by the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). On 10 July of that year armed agents of the mine owners roughly rounded up all the labor union organizers and unionized miners on to railroad cattle cars, on 12 July letting them out near Kingman, Arizona after they were warned not to return to Jerome if they valued their lives. This incident is known as the Jerome Deportation.

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Ghost_town_-_Jerome,_Arizona.jpg
Deserted buildings on the outskirts of the ghost town.

In 1918 fires spread out of control over 22 miles of underground mines. This prompted the end of underground mining in favor of open pit mining. For decades dynamite was used to open up pits in the area, frequently shaking the town and sometimes damaging or moving buildings; after one blast in the 1930s the city jail slid one block down hill intact.

In the late 1920s Jerome's population was over 15,000.

In 1953 the last of Jerome's mines closed, and much of the population left town. Jerome's population reached a low point of about 50 people in the late 1950s.

In 1967 Jerome was designated a Historic District, and a National Historic Landmark in 1976. Today Jerome is a tourism attraction, with many abandoned buildings from its boom town days.

In 1983, California folk-singer Kate Wolf wrote the song "Old Jerome" after visiting the town. In 1987 the town council adopted it as their official town song.

Geography

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AZMap-doton-Jerome.png
Location of Jerome, Arizona

Jerome is located at 34°44'54" North, 112°6'39" West (34.748311, -112.110853)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 km² (0.7 mi²). 1.8 km² (0.7 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 329 people, 182 households, and 84 families residing in the town. The population density is 178.9/km² (462.1/mi²). There are 215 housing units at an average density of 116.9/km² (302.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 91.79% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 2.43% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 2.13% from other races, and 3.04% from two or more races. 8.21% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 182 households out of which 17.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.1% are married couples living together, 9.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 53.8% are non-families. 41.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 1.81 and the average family size is 2.37.

In the town the population is spread out with 12.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 41.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 46 years. For every 100 females there are 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $27,857, and the median income for a family is $27,222. Males have a median income of $23,750 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the town is $19,967. 15.1% of the population and 4.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.3% of those under the age of 18 and 6.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

External links

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