Kalmia latifolia

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(Redirected from Mountain laurel)
Mountain-laurel
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Kalmia latifolia


Kalmia latifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Ericales
Family:Ericaceae
Genus:Kalmia
Species:K. latifolia

Template:Taxobox section binomial botany

Mountain-laurel is the common name of Kalmia latifolia, a flowering shrub of the family Ericaceae.

Found in the eastern USA, this is a poisonous broad-leaved (3-12 cm long, 1-4 cm wide) evergreen shrub, between 3-9 m tall. Its flowers are star-shaped, ranging from red to pink to white, and occurring in clusters.

The plant is naturally found on rocky slopes and mountainous forest areas.

It is also known as Ivybush, Calico Bush, Spoonwood (because native Americans used to make their spoons out of it), Sheep Laurel, Lambkill and Clamoun.

Mountain laurel is the state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania.

The plant was first recorded in America in 1624, but it was named after Pehr Kalm, who sent samples to Linnaeus in the 18th century.

Varieties include:

  • var. latifolia - Mountain-laurel;
  • var. rubra Sweet - Pink Mountain-laurel;
  • var. laevipes Vern. - Smooth Mountain-laurel;
  • var. fuscata Rehd. - Branded Mountain-laurel;
  • var. alba Bosse - White Mountain-laurel.da:Kalmia latifolia
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