Music of Tajikistan

From Academic Kids

Central Asian music
Afghanistan
Badakhshan
Buryatia
Gansu
Inner Mongolia
Kazakhstan
Khakassia
Kyrgyzstan
Mongolia
Qinghai
Tajikistan
Tibet
Turkmenistan
Tuva
Uzbekistan
Xinjiang

Tajik music is closely related to Uzbek music and other Central Asian forms. The classical music is shashmaqam, which is very similar to Uzbek music [1] (http://www.hauntedink.com/almaty/photos7.html). Southern Tajikistan has a distinctive form of folk music called falak, which is played at celebrations for weddings, circumcisions and other occasions.

Contents

Tajik folk music

Tajik folk music is traditionally divided into three styles, Pamir (Mountain-Badakhshan province), Central Kuhistoni (Gissar, Kulyab, Garm provinces) and Sogdiana's northern style; the latter is part of the same musical culture as the adjacent regions of Uzbekistan (Kashkadarya and Surkhandarya). There are many kinds of songs, both lyrical and instrument, including work songs, ceremonial, funeral, wedding and musical epics, especially the central Tajik heroic legend Gurugli.

Garibi

Main article: Garibi

Garibi is the song of a stranger, an early 20th century innovation of poor farm laborers and other workers who had to leave their land.

Holiday music

Gulgardoni is a springtime holiday (also called Boychechak) which includes carolling celebratory songs accompanied by the dutar and doira.

Sayri Guli Lola is the holiday of tulips, which includes accompanied choral and dance music. The most important song of this holiday is called "Naqshi Kalon".

The birth of a child is cause for special musical celebration. Traditional puppeteers play on the doira, qayroq, surnay and nag'ora. There are other variations, and folk songs like "Naat" and "Munojot", performed at the circumcision ceremony of a male child.

Traditional Tajik wedding music is played by sozanda, professional musicians, mostly female, who are part of ensembles called the dasta [2] (http://intangiblenet.freenet.uz/en/tad/tad331.htm).

Badakhshan

Main article: Music of Badakhshan

Badakhshan is a region inhabited by Pamiri Ismailis, known for their sung spiritual poetry called madah. Lutes are a major part of Ismaili folk music [3] (http://www.iis.ac.uk/learning/life_long_learning/music_badakhshan/music_badakhshan.htm).

List of Tajik musicians

References

  • [4] (http://www.hauntedink.com/almaty/photos7.html)
  • Broughton, Simon and Sultanova, Razia. "Bards of the Golden Road". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 24-31. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • [5] (http://intangiblenet.freenet.uz/en/tad/tad331.htm)
  • [6] (http://www.iis.ac.uk/learning/life_long_learning/music_badakhshan/music_badakhshan.htm)
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