Music of Turkmenistan

From Academic Kids

Central Asian music
Afghanistan
Badakhshan
Buryatia
Gansu
Inner Mongolia
Kazakhstan
Khakassia
Kyrgyzstan
Mongolia
Qinghai
Tajikistan
Tibet
Turkmenistan
Tuva
Uzbekistan
Xinjiang

The Turkmen people are nomadic and rural, and their music is closely related to Kyrgyz and Kazakh folk forms. Important musical traditions include travelling singers and shamans called [bakshy]], who act as healers and magicians and sing either a cappella or with a sort of two-stringed lute called dutar.

Turkmenistan's national poet is Magtumguly Feraghy, from the 18th century, who wrong four line qoshunk lyrics. The Central Asian classical music tradition mugam is also present in Turkmenistan [1] (http://www.hauntedink.com/almaty/photos8.html).

Contents

National anthem

As a Soviet Republic, Turkmenistan's national anthem was "Turkmenistan", composed by Veli Mukhatov with words by Aman Kekilov. In 1997 (well after independence), the anthem was changed to "Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem".

Dutar

Main article: Dutar

The dutar is the most representative instrument of Turkmen folk music; it is used in many styles, like mukamlar, saltiklar, kirklar and navoi. These are performed by professional musicians called sozanda.

Bakshy

Main article: Bakshy

Bakshy were formerly the most important musicians in Turkmen society, along with truidukists. They played the dutar to celebrate weddings, births and other events.

Mugam

Main article: Mugam

Mugam is a pan-Central Asian style of classical music, performed in Turkmenistan by a dutarist and gidjakist, or by an ensemble of just dutarists [2] (http://intangiblenet.freenet.uz/en/tur/tur332.htm).

References

  • Broughton, Simon and Sultanova, Razia. "Bards of the Golden Road". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 24-31. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • [3] (http://www.hauntedink.com/almaty/photos8.html)
  • Turkmen music site (http://www.dutar.com/)
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