Supply chain management

From Academic Kids

Supply chain management (SCM) deals with the planning and execution issues involved in managing a supply chain.

The components of SCM are:

  • Demand planning (forecasting)
  • Demand collaboration (collaborative resolution process to determine consensus forecasts)
  • Order promising (When can one promise a product to a customer taking account lead times and constraints)
  • Strategic network optimization (what plants and DC's should serve what markets for what products) (monthly - yearly)
  • Production and distribution planning (Coordinate the actual production and distribution plans for a whole enterprise) (daily)
  • Production scheduling (For a single location create a feasible production schedule) (minute by minute)
  • Transportation planning (For multiple supply, manufacturer, distributor and warehousing points in a network)
  • Transportation execution (Enactment of long term plans on a per shipment basis, typically performed by focused organizations called forwarders)
  • Tracking and Measuring (An ever increasing aspect of supply chain management designed to highlight potential against the plan and possible process improvements)
  • Plan of reduction of costs and management of the performance (diagnosis of the potential and the indicators, the organization and planifiaction strategic, masters dysfunctions in real time, evaluation and accounting reporting, evaluation and reporting quality)

Supply chain management methodology often encourages modeling real-world processes for analysis and optimization. One notable methodology is SCOR, promoted by the Supply Chain Council (http://www.supply-chain.org/public/home.asp). Another useful source of Supply Chain papers and articles is The Supply Chain Doctor resource center [1] (http://www.thesupplychaindoctor.com). One of the most interesting industry publications is SupplyChainDigest, a free, very informative and lively on-line newsletter. The SupplyChainDigest web site is very informative http://www.scdigest.com. For companies trying to figure out which supply chain systems to investigate, a useful tool for comparing how different applications support SCM functionality is accessible for free from the SCM Evaluation Center (http://www.scmevaluation.com).


See also

Related topics

fr:Supply chain management it:Supply chain management pt:Supply chain management

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