Thesmophoria

From Academic Kids

Thesmophoria was a festival held in Greek cities in honour of the twin goddesses Demeter and her daughter Persephone. It celebrated the half of the year when Demeter didn't work in her role of goddess of the harvest and growth; she spent this half of the year (the harsh summer months of Greece, when vegetation dies and lacks rain) with her daughter who had been released by Hades; to whom Persephone was wedded.

As a goddess of marriage, this feast was for women to celebrate the customs of the land. Only women who were the spouses of Athenian citizens could attend the festival; no slaves, men or unmarried women.

The word stems from an epithet for Demeter: Thesmophoros ("she of the regular customs").

The playwright and poet Aristophanes parodied this festival in the play, Thesmophoriazousae.

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