Transformers (toyline)

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Various Transformers toys

Transformers is the name of a line of toys produced by Hasbro from 1984 onwards, and also of a number of spin-offs based on the toys including a Marvel Comics series, an animated television series that began airing on 1984 (Transformers series) and a feature-length movie, Transformers: The Movie. The original series was followed by a number of spin-offs with varying levels of popularity.

A Transformer is an intelligent robot (usually a large humanoid, though there are many exceptions) that is able to "transform", reconfiguring itself into a common and innocuous form, such as a car, airplane or animal. The taglines "More Than Meets the Eye" and "Robots in Disguise" reflect this ability.

Transformers originally featured two main factions warring for control of their home planet, Cybertron. The heroic Autobots were led by Optimus Prime, and their opponents the Decepticons were led by Megatron.

The Transformers as a toyline was developed by Hasbro after they met up with Takara representatives at the 1983 New York Toyfair and decided to combine and re-brand Takara's Diaclone and Micro Change toylines into the Transformers for release in the United States.

The basic backstory of the toyline and subsequent comicbooks and cartoons was developed by the Marvel Comics writers Jim Shooter and Dennis O'Neil (O'Neil actually giving Optimus Prime his name). Most of the subsequent character names and profiles throughout the original run were done by the primary Transformers US comicbook writer, Bob Budiansky.

Floro Dery was primarily responsible for the look and feel of the Transformers cartoon series and was the visual creator of Transformers: The Movie. He refined some of the initial season one animated character models done in Japan, and subsequently interpreted the toy box art for further characters, creating the models that would become the visual guidelines both for the comicbooks and the animated cartoon.

Each Transformer comes with tech specs which detail the Transformers characteristics, and older Transformers come with Robot Points which could be redeemed for special Transformers which were not sold in stores.

A 'soul' of a transformer (the toy or comic figure) is his/her spark. Transformers die if their spark is destroyed or if it runs out of energy and fades away.

See also Beast Wars.


Transformers TV series



  • Takake! Cho Robot Seimeitai Transformer (1985)
  • Takake! Cho Robot Seimeitai Transformer 2010 (1986)
  • Transformers: The Headmasters (1987)
  • Transformers: Chōjin Master Force (1988)
  • Transformers: Victory (1989)
  • Transformers: Zone (1990)
  • Transformers: Battlestars: The Return Of Convoy (1991)
  • Transformers: Operation Combination (1992)
  • Beast Wars: Cho Seimeitai Transformer (1997)
  • Beast Wars Second: Chō seimeitai Transformer (1998)
  • Chô seimeitai Transformer: Beast Wars Neo (1999)
  • Transformers: Beast Wars Metals (1999)
  • Transformers: Car Robots (2000) (39 episodes)
    • (English language version: Transformers: Robots in Disguise)
  • Transformers: Micron Legend (2003)
    • (English language version: Transformers: Armada)
  • Transformers: SuperLink (2004)
    • (English language version: Transformers: Energon)
  • Transformers: Galaxy Force (2004)
    • (English language version: Transformers: Cybertron)

See Transformers Series for more detailed information on the series, including the comic book adventures.


Ravaged from the war between the Autobots and the Decepticons, Cybertron was almost completely drained of its energy resources. Neither side had enough energy reserves to continue the battle, which led to a stalemate. The Autobots, with their leader Optimus Prime, leave their home planet to seek new sources of energy. The Decepticons pursue them and board the Autobot starship (called the Ark in the comic). During the ensuing fight they crash-land into a volcano on prehistoric Earth. Awakened in 1984 when the volcano erupts, the Decepticons are repaired by the ship's computer and flee, leaving the still-deactivated Autobots behind. Megatron soon discovers that Earth has nearly limitless energy resources. Hoping to tip the war's balance in favor of the Decepticons, Megatron plans to transfer Earth's energy to Cybertron even if it means ruining the Earth in the process.

Unfortunately, the Decepticons made a fatal mistake by leaving the Autobots behind. Just after the Decepticons were awakened, the Autobots were still deactivated and among them on the Ark. In a twist of fate, the Decepticons failed to terminate them when they had the chance. Upon fleeing, Starscream blasted the rocks around the ship to seal the entrance. The jolt moves Optimus Prime into the Ark's repair beam. The remaining Autobots are subsequently revived and rise up to become the protectors of life on Earth and the Decepticons' nemeses.

External links

zh:变形金刚 fr:Jouets Transformers


Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (
    • Architecture (
    • Cultures (
    • Music (
    • Musical Instruments (
  • Biographies (
  • Clipart (
  • Geography (
    • Countries of the World (
    • Maps (
    • Flags (
    • Continents (
  • History (
    • Ancient Civilizations (
    • Industrial Revolution (
    • Middle Ages (
    • Prehistory (
    • Renaissance (
    • Timelines (
    • United States (
    • Wars (
    • World History (
  • Human Body (
  • Mathematics (
  • Reference (
  • Science (
    • Animals (
    • Aviation (
    • Dinosaurs (
    • Earth (
    • Inventions (
    • Physical Science (
    • Plants (
    • Scientists (
  • Social Studies (
    • Anthropology (
    • Economics (
    • Government (
    • Religion (
    • Holidays (
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (
    • Planets (
  • Sports (
  • Timelines (
  • Weather (
  • US States (


  • Home Page (
  • Contact Us (

  • Clip Art (
Personal tools