University of Maryland, College Park

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University of Maryland redirects here, for other uses, see University of Maryland (disambiguation).

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The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public coeducational university situated in suburban College Park, Maryland just outside Washington, D.C. The flagship institution of the University System of Maryland, the university is most often referred to as the University of Maryland, even though the formal name remains University of Maryland, College Park.

Contents

History

The University originated in College Park in 1859 as the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC), and was one of many colleges to receive federal funds as a land grant college shortly thereafter. In 1916 the institution became known as the Maryland State College. In 1920 the college merged with the already established professional schools in Baltimore to form the University of Maryland. In 1988 the school was formally named University of Maryland, College Park and designated as the flagship campus of the newly-formed University System of Maryland. The university is currently headed by president C. Daniel Mote, Jr..

Name and structural changes

In 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing the University of Maryland, College Park to be known simply as the University of Maryland, recognizing the campus's role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland. For further information, please see the University of Maryland's own publication in regards to the naming issue in their "Identity Guide" (http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/media/identityguide.pdf) (PDF format).

The other University System of Maryland institutions with the name "University of Maryland" are not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park, and are not referred to as such. For the above historical reasons, the University of Maryland, Baltimore is also sometimes called "University of Maryland." This is not a significant point of confusion, as UMB is limited to graduate professional education.

Academics

Colleges

Living-Learning Programs

Specialized programs offer students academic, community service, and research opportunities outside of the traditional classroom interaction. Students are often invited into these programs based on academic merit, current community service involvement, and racial/ethnic designation. Current programs are given with their specific emphasis:

  • Civicus (http://www.bsos.umd.edu/civicus/) - Emphasis on broad community service.
  • College Park Scholars (http://www.scholars.umd.edu) - Community service and academic rigor within a chosen field.
  • Gemstone (http://www.gemstone.umd.edu/) - Specific topical research based academic rigor.
  • Global Communities (http://www.inform.umd.edu/globalcommunities/index.html) - Immersion in language other than student's native tongue.
  • Hinman CEOs (http://www.hinmanceos.umd.edu/) - Entrepreneurship based business style learning.
  • Honors Humanities (http://www.honorshumanities.umd.edu/) - Seminar based academic rigor with an emphasis on the arts and humanities.
  • University Honors Program (http://www.honors.umd.edu) - Broad seminar based academic rigor.

Research

On October 14, 2004 the university added 150 acres (607,000 m²) in an ambitious attempt to create the largest research park inside the Washington, DC Capital Beltway. "M Square" (http://www.msquare.umd.edu/) solidifies the university's goal of excellent undergraduate education coupled with breakthrough research. The current construction of a new Bioscience Research Building on campus will also be sure to bolster university reserach in life sciences and continue driving forward the state's already impressive biotechnology industry.

The University of Maryland's unique location near Washington, DC has created strong research partnerships especially with government agencies. These relationships have created numerous research opportunities for the university including:

  • taking the lead in the nation-wide research initiative into the transmission and prevention of Avian influenza
  • creating a new research center to study the behaviorial and social foundations of terrorism with a grant from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • launching the joint NASA-University of Maryland "Deep Impact" spacecraft in early January, 2005. On July 4, 2005 the craft will land on the "Temple 1" comet to analyze its compenents and help scientists at the university and NASA better understand the composition of the universe

Athletics

Missing image
P_630729_661123.jpg
Athletics logo containing the Terrapin mascot

The school's sports teams are called the Terrapins (a type of turtle). They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Atlantic Coast Conference. The school has four "team colors": black, gold, red, and white. Although these are also the four colors of the Maryland state flag, as team colors they have a more interesting origin. When Clark Shaughnessy came from Stanford to coach the Maryland football team in the late 1940's, the "Terps" had sported black and gold for several decades. Shaughnessy brought with him a supply of red and white Stanford uniforms, and soon the school approved the use of all four colors in team uniforms.

Since 2000, the university's athletics program has achieved national prominence, particularly in the revenue generating sports. The football program had achieved little success for many years when Ralph Friedgen, a Maryland graduate in the class of 1970, was hired as head coach in November 2000. "The Fridge" has dramatically reversed the fortunes of Terrapin football in his three seasons, leading the team to 31 wins, an appearance in the BCS Orange Bowl, commanding victories over nationally-respected Tennessee in the Peach Bowl and geographic rival West Virginia in the Gator Bowl, consecutive top-3 finishes in conference, and the only outright ACC regular season title since Florida State's entry into the conference in 1992.

As successful as football has become, men's basketball is arguably still the most popular sport at Maryland, and like football is under the guidance of a Maryland graduate, Gary Williams '68. Williams, who returned to his alma mater in 1989 after successful stints at American University, Boston College, and Ohio State University, inherited a program that was suffering the after-effects of the death of Len Bias as well as NCAA rules infractions under Williams' predecessor Bob Wade. After several years of competing under recruiting sanctions related to these events, Williams has elevated the Terp program to the level of conference foes Duke and North Carolina. Williams has led Maryland to eleven consecutive NCAA tournament appearances (1993 - 2004), a feat that only four other schools in the nation have accomplished, as well as eight consecutive seasons with 20 or more wins (1996 2004). In addition, they have reached the tournament's Regional Semifinals (Sweet Sixteen) seven times, reached back-to-back Final Fours, and in 2002, after navigating a very difficult tournament road (defeating past champions Wisconsin, Kentucky, Connecticut, Kansas and Indiana), won the school's first NCAA title in men's basketball. With one of the youngest teams in the nation, Williams led his team to his first ACC Tournament title in 2004, a run which included erasing a 19-point halftime deficit against N.C. State in the semifinals, and erasing a 12-point deficit in three-plus minutes against Duke to force overtime in the tournament final. With well over 500 career victories, including more than 300 at Maryland in either the Cole Field House or Comcast Center, Williams is Maryland's all-time winningest coach, and is considered to be an eventual candidate for the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.

Beyond these primary revenue sports, Maryland excels in other areas. Women's basketball is in the midst of a resurgence under former Minnesota coach Brenda Frese, having advanced to the second round of the 2004 women's NCAA tournament -- the first tournament win for the program in twelve years. Friese has also managed to attract top national recruits, beating out nationally prominent Connecticut and Tennessee programs in the process. Men's soccer has been to three Final Fours since 1998, and spent several weeks in the top spot of the polls during the fall of 2003. The field hockey team has enjoyed similar success, with a handful of Final Four appearances and the 1999 national title. The volleyball team surprised many by winning the ACC tournament in 2003, and also qualified for their own NCAA tournament. In lacrosse, the official state team sport, Maryland has been a consistent national leader. The women's lacrosse team, under the direction of Cindy Timchal, has won seven national titles, been an NCAA finalist in eleven of the last fourteen years, and produced more All-Americans in the sport than any other school. The men's program, while not having won a national championship for several decades, is always among the top 10 programs nationally. The school's athletic director is Deborah Yow, considered among the most efficient and forward-thinking ADs by those in the profession. Dr. Yow has succeeded in balancing the Athletic Department's budget every year, while consistently upgrading the quality of the school's facilities and teams.

The student organization Byrd's Eleven, founded in 2004, builds university team spirit and support for upcoming athletic events through activities including the creation of large banners on campus, and organizing crowd stunts at games.

Lists of Distinguished People

Alumni

Famous University of Maryland Alumni include:

Faculty

Well-known faculty (past and present) include:

External links

Template:University System of Maryland Template:Atlantic Coast Conferencede:University of Maryland ja:メリーランド大学

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